Liquid Fluoride Thorium Power: Pros and Cons

Unlike conventional light water reactor designs, the liquid fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR) is a type of molten salt reactor (MSR), that was first demonstrated in the 1960s. It is generally considered inherently safer, cleaner and more economically viable than conventional reactors, but was not chosen by DOE as the technology of choice

WHAT IS A LFTR AND HOW CAN A REACTOR BE on 1x.edadvisor.ru

The liquid-fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR) design by Flibe Energy is a graphite-moderated, thermal-spectrum reactor with solutions of liquid fluoride salts containing both fissile and fertile materials. Thermal power generated from nuclear fission would drive electrical generation in a closed-cycle gas turbine power conversion system. This is a ...

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors - Stanford University

The Generation IV reactor designs are attempts to do just that. This paper will focus on the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) design, an implementation of one such Gen IV idea, the Molten Salt Reactor. The goal here is to present the basics of a LFTR design and the inherent advantages and problems with such a design. Reactor Design

LFTR Advantages - Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors

LFTR Advantages. LFTRs hold many advantages over conventional uranium or plutonium reactors, in terms of both cost and safety. Thorium is much more abundant than Uranium, and is significantly cheaper due to the abundance. Thorium is usually thrown away during the process of mining rare-earth metals. Gram per gram, thorium is much more efficient ...

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Power: Pros and Cons

Apr 22, 2012· Unlike conventional light water reactor designs, the liquid fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR) is a type of molten salt reactor (MSR), that was first demonstrated in the 1960s. It is generally ...

Thorium Reactor - Thorium Power Plant

A molten salt reactor (MSR) is a class of generation IV nuclear fission reactor in which the primary nuclear reactor coolant, or even the fuel itself, is a molten salt mixture. Reactors containing molten thorium salt are called liquid fluoride thorium reactors (LFTR). In general, use of thorium-based fuel in light water reactors is possible ...

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors. | The Scientific Gamer

Jul 18, 2012· LFTR stands for liquid fluoride thorium reactor. LFTRs are an example of both generation IV reactors – in other words, future nuclear reactors which prioritise safety and reduction of waste products but which are still in the design/experimental phase – and molten salt reactors. MSRs, and by inference LFTRs, use a radically different design ...

Why don't we have liquid fluoride thorium reactors yet ...

Oh, we have them! Full scale versions if it. We're simply not using them. Why? No real reason but to protect certain well established lobbies. Some people would say that such reactors are not in use because the enrichment process is more expensive...

Chemical Processing for Liquid-Fluoride Thorium Reactors

Jan 16, 2015· Kirk Sorensen is a nuclear and aerospace engineer working on the development of a liquid-fluoride thorium reactor (LFTR) as a source of energy and important materials. He has a masters of science in nuclear engineering from the University of Tennessee and a masters of science in aerospace engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology.

LFTR Overview – Energy From Thorium

A Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) is a type of Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) that can use inexpensive Thorium for fuel (thorium becomes uranium inside the reactor). A slightly different type of MSR can consume the uranium/plutonium waste from solid-fueled reactors as fuel. MSRs make no long-term nuclear waste (over 99% of the fuel is ...

High Efficiency Nuclear Power Plants using Liquid Fluoride ...

High Efficiency Nuclear Power Plants using Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor Technology An overall system analysis approach is used to propose potential conceptual designs of advanced terrestrial nuclear power plants based on Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) experience and utilizing Closed Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) thermal-to-electric energy conversion technology.

What Is A Lftr And How Can A Reactor Be So Safe Molten ...

What Is A Lftr And How Can A Reactor Be So Safe Molten Salt Reactors Including Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors Author: digitalchurch.lifeway.com-T00:00:00+00:01 Subject: What Is A Lftr And How Can A Reactor Be So Safe Molten Salt Reactors …

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors - JSTOR Home

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors An old idea in nuclear power gets reexamined Robert Hargraves and Ralph Moir What if we could turn back the clock to 1965 and have an energy do-over? In June of that year, the Mol ten Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) achieved criticality for the first time at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee. In ...

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR)

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) has 4,229 members. The LFTR is unique, having a hot liquid core thus eliminating fuel fabrication costs and the need for a large reactor. It cannot have a nuclear meltdown and is so safe that typical control rods are not required at all.

Liquid metal cooled reactor - Wikipedia

A liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor, liquid metal fast reactor or LMFR is an advanced type of nuclear reactor where the primary coolant is a liquid metal.Liquid metal cooled reactors were first adapted for nuclear submarine use but have also been extensively studied for power generation applications.. Metal coolants remove heat more rapidly and allow much higher power density.

LFTR - Molten Salt Reactors (incl Liquid Fluoride Thorium ...

Jan 17, 2012· What Is A Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor? A Molten Salt Reactor, such as Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR, pronounced "lifter") produces energy using a liquid (molten) nuclear fuel, not a solid fuel. MSRs also use a coolant that remains liquid at atmospheric pressure.

Liquid Fluoride Reactors: A New Beginning for an Old Idea

Feb 26, 2009· Liquid Fluoride Reactors: A New Beginning for an Old Idea 1. Liquid Fluoride Reactors: A New Beginning for an Old Idea Feb 19 th 2009 Google Tech Talk Dr. David LeBlanc Physics Dept, Carleton University, Ottawa & Ottawa Valley Research Associates Ltd. [email_address] 2.

The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor: What Fusion Wanted To ...

Nov 20, 2008· Google Tech TalksNovember 18, 2008ABSTRACTElectrical power is, and will increasingly become, the desired form of energy for its convenience, safety, flexibil...

(PDF) Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors

liquid fluoride thorium reactor. light water reactor. Figure 5. Among the many dif ferences between the thoriu m/uranium fuel cycle and the enrich ed uranium/plutoni um cycle is the volume of .

Liquid Fuel Nuclear Reactors - SlideShare

Apr 07, 2010· Liquid Fuel Nuclear Reactors Molten salt coolants with dissolved uranium and thorium fluorides promise reactors that can generate electric power cheaper than from coal. Robert Hargraves and Ralph Moir March 29, 2010. 2. 1934: Hungarian physicist Leó Szilárd filed a …

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) simply too ...

Aug 04, 2014· Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) simply too dangerous -that's why it was stopped. Perhaps these technical problems can be overcome, but why would anyone bother to try, knowing in advance that the MSR plant will be uneconomic due to huge construction costs and operating costs, plus will explode and rain radioactive molten salt when (not if) the steam generator tubes leak.

High Effi ciency Nuclear Power Plants Using Liquid Fluoride ...

Reactor (VHTR), MSR(Molten Salt Reactor), or LFTR (Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor) refer to indirectly heated cycles. Note that, due to the much higher heat transfer capability of liquid (molten) salt or metal, a VHTR can operate at higher outlet temperatures than the HTGR. The drawback is that

News – Flibe Energy

April 4, 2019 | The Gateway for Accelerated Innovation in Nuclear (GAIN) announced today that Flibe Energy, Inc will be provided a GAIN Nuclear Energy Voucher to accelerate the innovation and application of the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) Preliminary Safeguards Assessment. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) will be operating as the Partner Facility with Flibe Energy on the project.

Liquid Fluoride Reactors: A Luxury of Choice

Simplified Liquid Fluoride Converter Reactors {Starting Premise is Oak Ridge`s30 Year Once Through Design (1980) zSingle Fluid, 1000 MWe output zSta t pStartup with LEU (20% 235U) + Th zNo salt processing, just add small amounts of LEU annually zLow power density core gives 30 year lifetime for graphite (8m x 8m) zLower fissile startup load ...

Kirk Sorensen – Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors Energy of ...

Jul 26, 2021· This is what liquid fluoride thorium reactors (LFTRs) promise, and we have had several interviews in the past with thorium expert Kirk Sorensen to discuss their potential: Much safer – No risk of environmental radiation contamination or plant explosion (e.g. Chernobyl, Fukushima, Three Mile Island) Much more efficient in generating energy ...

In depth: LFTR, the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor ...

In depth: the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) While the LFTR reactor design is one out of many possible concepts for molten salt reactors, it is further detailed here because it is an example of a true "thorium-MSR" (MSR using thorium fuel) and therefore comes with the full benefits of molten salt reactors and the thorium fuel cycle.

Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors - Topics - The World News ...

Sep 26, 2021· "The main downsides/negatives to the LFTR are technology, politics, corrosion and the general public being scared of nuclear radiation. Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors were created 50 years ago by an American chap named Alvin Weinberg, …

Kirk Sorensen Updates His Molten Salt Reactor Company ...

Oct 18, 2020· Kirk Sorensen has been a leader in promoting thorium energy, molten salt nuclear reactors and the liquid fluoride thorium reactor. Kirk formed the company Flibe Energy back in 2011. Nextbigfuture spoke with Kirk frequently when Kirk blogged at Energy from Thorium. Kirk presented his latest update on work towards a Molten Salt Reactor.

Liquid fluoride thorium reactor - Wikipedia

Molten Salt Reactors - World Nuclear Association

Is Thorium the Fuel of the Future to Revitalize Nuclear ...

Aug 13, 2019· Into this dynamic comes a resurgence in nuclear technology: liquid fluoride thorium reactors, or LFTRs ("lifters"). A LFTR is a type of molten salt reactor, significantly safer than a typical ...

Fluoride-Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors | ORNL

MSRs fall into two classes: salt-cooled reactors, in which the core contains a solid fuel and liquid salt coolant, and salt-fueled reactors, in which the fuel is dissolved within the salt. The term "fluoride salt-cooled high-temperature reactor" (FHR) was adopted in 2010 to distinguish fluoride salt-cooled MSRs from other MSRs.

6 Nuclear Energy Companies Building Molten Salt Reactors ...

Oct 23, 2015· Flibe's liquid fluoride thorium reactor is expected to cost several hundred million dollars to build. Transatomic Power Corporation (Massachusetts USA) Founded in 2010, Transatomic is the only company which has disclosed their funding amounts, 3 rounds totaling $5.5 million from investors that included Peter Thiel.

FLUID FUEL REACTORS: Molten Salt Reactors, Aqueous ...

FLUID FUEL REACTORS: Molten Salt Reactors, Aqueous Homogeneous Reactors, Fluoride Reactors, Chloride Reactors, Liquid Metal Reactors and Why Liquid Fission - Kindle edition by Lane, James A., MacPherson, H. G., Maslan, Frank. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading FLUID …

Liquid Fluoride Reactors (LFTRs) | Exposing the truth ...

Apr 02, 2015· Claim: Liquid fluoride thorium reactors generate no high-level waste material. Response: This claim, although made in the report from the House of Lords, has no basis in fact. High-level waste is an unavoidable product of nuclear fission. Spent fuel from any LFTR will be intensely radioactive and constitute high level waste.

Update on the Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor projects in ...

Oct 11, 2016· The Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor is a type of Molten Salt Reactor. Molten Salt Reactors are Generation IV nuclear fission reactors that use molten salt as either the primary reactor coolant or as the fuel itself; they trace their origin to a series of experiments directed by Alvin Weinberg at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the '50s and '60s.

Flibe Energy – Power the World

A liquid-fueled reactor can consume nearly one hundred percent of the fissile material, almost eliminating long-lived radioactive waste and increasing fuel efficiency. An individual's lifetime energy consumption could be supplied, through a LFTR, by a piece of thorium the size of a golf ball. LFTR is the pinnacle of modern sustainable energy.

Liquid fluoride thorium reactor — Wikipedia Republished ...

Oct 09, 2018· The liquid fluoride thorium reactor (acronym LFTR; often pronounced lifter) is a type of molten salt reactor.LFTRs use the thorium fuel cycle with a fluoride-based, molten, liquid salt for fuel.In a typical design, the liquid is pumped between a critical core and an external heat exchanger where the heat is transferred to a nonradioactive secondary salt.